WIC Frequently Asked Questions


Who funds the WIC program?

WIC is a federally funded program. The USDA directs the grant money to each state health department. The State health department is responsible for the distribution of the funds to each local WIC agency.


What do you need to bring to an appointment?

At your initial appointment you need to bring proof of identification, residency and income for the participants applying for WIC, and the person the appointment is for.


What do you do at a WIC appointment?

Heights and weights are taken on the qualifying person as well as a small blood sample to check iron levels. Diet and lifestyle is reviewed and counseling is provided according to the need and result of the review. Vouchers are then given which provide nutritious supplemental foods to the participant.


Why do you check iron?

Iron is found in the blood. It is important because it carries oxygen to all your inner organs so they can function properly.


What foods are high in iron?

The best sources of iron are red meats, whole grain or enriched breads and cereals, and green leafy vegetables like spinach, as well as dried fruits and prune juice. The body can better use iron if a source of vitamin C is eaten with it.


Is iron-fortified formula important for my baby?

Yes, iron is very important to your baby. The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that infants receive iron daily to help build healthy red blood cells. Without enough iron, your baby may have any of these symptoms:

  • Fussiness
  • slow growth
  • Infections
  • Lack of interest in eating
  • Paleness
  • Sleepiness


What is anemia?

Anemia results when there is not enough iron in the blood to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Baby and toddlers, pregnant and menstruating women, and people who have lost blood need more iron.


Why is folate important?

Folate, also known as folic acid or folacin, is a B-vitamin. Everyone needs folate, but women need even more during pregnancy. Adequate intake of folate during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects of the brain or spine, such as spina bifida.


Where is folate found?

Folate can be found in many foods. Whole grains and cereals, beans (such as kidney, garbanzo, lima, navy and pinto), black-eyed peas, lentils, orange juice and most fresh fruits and vegetables are good sources.